Calahorra Castle was built on the ruins of a former Spanish/Moorish fortress. Its outward appearance is unlike traditional medieval castles, in that its corner towers are circular, making them less exposed to the offensive weapons of the time.
The history of Calahorra Castle is closely related to Don Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar y Mendoza, the first Marquis of Cenete, to whom we owe its construction and who stands as one of the forerunners of the Italian Renaissance movement in Spain.
Although it cannot be seen from the outside, the most interesting feature of the castle is undoubtedly its magnificent interior palace. A pioneer of the Renaissance movement in Spain, the palace is of considerable artistic interest and was built with the help of renowned Italian artists. The palace has been perfectly conserved, and visitors can still admire its “cortile” (named given to the Renaissance-style patio), surrounded by a double gallery of arches, its columns with Corinthian capitals, its wonderful Carrara marble staircase and its rich architectural and iconographic decorations.